The high performance and flexibility of the instrument are driven by a high-resolution goniometer platform, a modular concept and latest detector technology.

Scattering techniques

Like no other lab instrument on the market, the Empyrean Nano edition covers Bragg spacings from sub-Ångströms to micron(s) and a scattering vector q-range spanning over almost five decades - without any gaps.

Follow the link to read more about the X-ray scattering technology.

Scattering techniques

Maximum flexibility

The unique flexibility to easily and quickly configure the Empyrean Nano edition for the different X-ray scattering techniques is enabled by a 2-circle goniometer platform on which quickly interchangeable, pre-aligned X-ray modules (PreFIX) and sample stages can be mounted. Whereas SAXS measurements can be readily done with a static detector, the goniometer comes into play for accessing the extended angular range that is required for WAXS and ultimately for total scattering (PDF) measurements. With a smallest 2theta step width of 0.0001 deg the high-resolution goniometer also readily supports the USAXS application. For accessing highest possible scattering vectors, the standard Cu X-ray tube can be easily exchanged against a Ag or Mo one.

Maximum flexibility

High-performing detectors

The performance of the X-ray detector is critical for obtaining high-quality X-ray scattering data. Our hybrid pixel area detectors, GaliPIX3D and PIXcel3D, excel by their very low intrinsic noise and a high dynamic range. Their high spatial resolution enables for experimental setups that are rather compact and conveniently fit within the 240 mm goniometer radius. The GaliPIX3D detector, having 100% absorption efficiency for Cu, Mo and Ag radiation, is the detector of choice when you want to perform not only SAXS/WAXS but also fast PDF measurements.

High-performing detectors

SAXS/WAXS with ScatterX78

With the ScatterX78 module, you can perform small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS) measurements on nanomaterials.
The SAXS signal allows for the dimensional and structural analysis of a material on the nanoscale. Complementary information about the crystalline phases, the size of nanocrystallites and their orientation can be obtained from the WAXS signal. ScatterX78 can be used for the characterization of a variety of samples, such as colloidal dispersions, polymers, protein solutions, surfactants, nanopowders and liquid crystals.
SAXS/WAXS with ScatterX78

USAXS option for ultimate small-angle resolution

On the Empyrean Nano edition the resolution can be pushed to ultra-small angles by using a Bonse-Hart type of experimental setup based on pre-aligned, high-resolution optical components. With such a USAXS setup the smallest accessible scattering angle is approximately 0.005 deg, with a corresponding largest Bragg spacing of 1700 nm.

USAXS option for ultimate small-angle resolution

Easily accessible, radiation-safe enclosure

The Empyrean Nano edition meets all relevant worldwide regulations regarding electrical, mechanical and X-ray safety, by default also for hard X-rays. The experimental setup is within a radiation-safe enclosure that has large see-through windows. Wide-opening doors enable for easy access to the setup when required.

Easily accessible, radiation-safe enclosure


Radiation-safe enclosure with large see-through windows and wide opening doors.


Typevertical 2-circle goniometer; theta - theta geometry
Radius240 mm
Resolution0.0001 deg
InterfacesPreFIX type, enabling quick exchange of pre-aligned optics, stages and detectors

SAXS / WAXS specifications

Camera length480 mm
X-ray sourcesealed high-resolution X-ray tube (Cu anode)
Collimation typeline collimation (standard)
possibility to transform to point collimation
Incident beam optics1D focusing X-ray mirror
Beam pathScatterX78, evacuated (< 0.1 mbar); includes sample capsule
Sample holdersliquids, solids, powders
Temperature controltemperature-controlled capillary holder (5-70°C)
uses disposable, low-background capillaries
Beam stopbeamstops for line and point collimation - easily switchable; semi-transparent
Detectorlow-noise, hybrid pixel area detectors:
GaliPIX3D: CdTe sensor; resolution 60 µm or
PIXcel3D: Si sensor; resolution 55 µm
Measurement modestatic or scanning detector (1D or 2D full pattern)
Accessible 2theta range0.08 - 78 deg
Accessible q-range0.006 - 5.14 Å-1
Maximum Bragg spacing100 nm
SoftwareData Collector, EasySAXS, XRD2Dscan, HighScore (Plus)

USAXS specifications

X-ray sourcesealed high-resolution X-ray tube (Cu anode)
Collimation typeline collimation
Incident beam optics4-crystal Ge(220) monochromator
Receiving optics3-bounce Ge (220) analyzer crystal
Sample stages/holdersliquids, solids, powders
Sample changeroptional for solids and powders
Detectorproportional counter, PIXcel3D or PIXcel1D
Measurement modestep scanning (0D)
Minimum 2theta0.0050 deg
Minimum q-value0.00036 Å-1
Maximum Bragg spacing1700 nm
SoftwareData Collector, EasySAXS

Total scattering (PDF analysis) specifications

X-ray sourcesealed X-ray tube (Ag or Mo anode)
Collimation typeline collimation
Incident beam optics1D focusing X-ray mirror or slit system
DetectorGaliPIX3D: CdTe sensor with 100% efficiency also for hard radiation or scintillation counter
Measurement modescanning (1D or 0D)
Maximum 2Theta160 deg
Maximum q-value22 Å-1
SoftwareData Collector, HighScore (Plus)


Solutions to maximize the return on your investment

To assure that your instrument remains in top condition and performs on the highest level, Malvern Panalytical offers a wide range of services. Our expertise and support services assure an optimal functioning of your instrument.


Service for a lifetime

  • Phone and remote support
  • Preventive maintenance and checkups
  • Flexible Customer Care Agreements
  • Performance certificates
  • Hardware and software upgrades
  • Local and global support


Adding value to your processes 

  • Sample preparation development/optimization
  • Analytical methodologies 
  • Turnkey solutions for XRD 
  • Operations via IQ/OQ/PQ, quality assurance (GLP, ISO17025) or round robins/inter laboratory studies
  • Automation of lab processes
  • Consultancy services

Training and education

  • Training on-site or at our competence centers
  • Broad range of basic and advanced courses on products, applications and software

Analytical services and calibration materials

  • Expert (XRF) analyses services
  • Oxides and trace analysis
  • Customized calibration materials