Highest data quality on every sample


Praised by scientists for its performance, Empyrean allows them to prepare for synchrotron beam time in the best possible way. The unrivalled collection of sample stages and optical components for Empyrean allows applications to be done in various ways: from ‘simple’ by just adding a few slits and analysis software to a standard geometry, to top performance using dedicated optics, sources and detectors. This is ideal for a multipurpose laboratory: if the need for a certain application increases, data quality and throughput time can be improved by adding dedicated modules.


Multipurpose and future proof


“The only thing constant in life is change”. This holds especially in a research environment, where the analytical needs often change with a redirection of the research program. New applications are easily added to an Empyrean system, making it the perfect answer for anything the feature will hold. New and exciting applications are constantly developed on this platform, keeping our customers on the cutting edge of technology.


PIXcel technology


The only X-ray detector that can be used as a point, line and area detector, the PIXcel3D is available as part of the Empyrean, a high-performance X-ray diffractometer platform. With PIXcel3D, PANalytical has been able to design a multipurpose system that handles measurements on powders, thin films, nanomaterials and solid objects in one instrument, with no compromise in data quality.


  • Superior resolution and speed of data collection
  • Extremely high dynamic range
  • High count rate linearity
  • Maintenance-free

High-performance SAXS/WAXS with ScatterX78


ScatterX78 is a versatile tool for nanoparticle and nanostructure analysis based on small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering. Data can be collected with short measurement times and with good sensitivity even for weakly scattering samples.


• Attachment to goniometer platform

• Compact, ergonomic and easy to use

• Evacuated beam path

• 2theta range: 0.08 - 78 deg

• Variety of sample holders, incl. temperature control

• 2D SAXS and 2D WAXS option

Unique in its abilities to support many applications


Thanks to our renowned and consistent PreFIX philosophy hardware components can be easily exchanged without laborious re-alignment procedures. Adding a new application simply means adding the right hardware and software components.

EnclosureGoniometerX-ray source
Dimensions: 1400 (w) x 1162 (d) x 1947 (h) mmVertical goniometer, available in theta-theta or alpha-1 geometryFully ceramic X-ray tubes manufactured by PANalytical’s specialized factory under cleanroom conditions
Weight: 1150 kg240 mm radius, interfaces are available to reduce the diffracted beam radius for specific applications4 kW generator supporting all current and future X-ray tubes
Large doors, allowing access for up to four people simultaneouslyMaximum usable range (depending on accessories) -111°< 2θ <168°All Empyrean instruments are designed for 60 kV operation, allowing optimal performance for Mo and Ag sources
Meets all relevant worldwide regulations for electrical, mechanical and X-ray safety, with all anode types2θ linearity equal or better than ±0.01°
System is on wheels for easy installation and relocationNew generation direct optical encoding system (DOPS 2) for lifetime goniometer accuracy, using precisely aligned Heidenhain encoders and path tracking technology

Empyrean

Detectors

GaliPIX3D

Extending the range of 2D solid-state pixel detectors

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With pixel dimensions of 60 microns x 60 microns and overall sensor dimensions of 30.7 mm x 24.8 mm, GaliPIX3D is the newest and largest 2D hybrid pixel detector for XRD. The high-quality CdTe sensor provides unrivalled stopping power for X-rays and affords close to 100% efficiency even for the highest energy radiation, like Ag and Mo. As with the PIXcel3D this detector is designed to provide state-of-the-art 2D images, data quality and flexibility. The design of the 2D photon counting detector array allows users to switch seamlessly between 1D and 2D modes and to collect frames suitable for 3D processing in computed tomography.

詳細

PIXcel3D

The first detector to bring 0D-1D-2D and 3D data to your diffractometer

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The PIXcel3D is a unique 2D solid-state hybrid pixel detector. Each pixel is 55 microns x 55 microns and the detector array is 255 x 255 pixels. The detector, now based on Medipix3 technology, brings unrivalled signal to noise with its point spread function of one pixel and multiple energy discrimination levels.

Medipix3 technology brings:
• An increase in range of detection energies from Cr to Cu
• Improved energy resolution
• Increased linearity range
• Improved detection efficiency
• Documented (published) radiation hardness studies

Non-Ambient Chambers

BTS 150/500 – benchtop heating stages

Cost-effective attachment for non-ambient XRD

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Anton Paar BTS 150 and BTS 500 benchtop heating stages are compact and cost-effective solutions for basic non-ambient X-ray diffraction experiments in reflection geometry. BTS 150 is equipped with a Peltier heating element enabling a temperature range from – 10 ºC to 150 ºC. The resistance heater of BTS 500 allows the heating of a sample from ambient temperature up to 500 ºC. Both heating stages can be used with an air, vacuum or inert gas atmosphere. A thermocouple is placed close to the sample for accurate temperature measurement and control. An optional beam knife can be used to minimize low- angle background.

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XRK 900 – reactor chamber

Unique solution for in situ XRD at varying gas atmospheres

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Anton Paar XRK 900 is a furnace-type heater optimized for in situ powder X-ray diffraction measurements (reflection geometry) at various gas atmospheres in the pressure range from 1 mbar to 10 bars. Due to environmental heating to 900 ºC, high temperature uniformity is guaranteed over the entire sample volume. The thermocouple is placed right underneath the sample for accurate temperature measurement and control. Optional oscillation of the sample table helps to improve the particle statistics for powder XRD in reflection geometry. Sample holders allowing for gas flow through the sample ensure a maximum reaction surface. A special sample holder unit with an additional electrical feed through for battery research at temperatures to 260 ºC is available.

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TTK 600 – low temperature chamber

Versatile chamber for work at low to medium-high temperatures

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The Anton Paar TTK 600 chamber is the successor of the TTK 450 low-temperature chamber. This new TTK 600 low-temperature chamber is equipped with an improved heating/cooling mechanism, extending the temperature range from -190 ºC to +600 ºC. TTK 600 enables in situ powder XRD measurements in both reflection and transmission and can be used with air, inert atmosphere or vacuum. If cooling below -10 ºC is not required, compressed air cooling can be used instead of liquid nitrogen cooling. Thermocouple is placed right underneath the sample for accurate temperature measure and control. Optional beam knife or beam stop can be placed inside the chamber for the improved low angle background in reflection or transmission, respectively.

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PheniX – low temperature cryostat

Unique device for experiments at extremely low temperatures

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Oxford Cryosystems PheniX is a unique solution for X-ray diffraction at extremely low temperatures. It is a compact closed-cycle helium cryostat enabling a temperature range from 25 °C (298 K) down to - 261 °C (12 K) with a temperature uniformity across the sample of 0.1 degree. It takes only 40 minutes to cool down to 20 K and an additional 20 minutes to reach a temperature of 12 K. Thanks to the design there is virtually no consumption of helium. Sample preparation and exchange is quick and easy.

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MHC-trans – multi-sample humidity chamber

Optimized solution for XRD at controlled temperature and humidity

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The Anton Paar MHC-trans chamber is a dedicated chamber for in situ powder X-ray diffraction measurements at controlled temperature and humidity conditions. The chamber is designed for transmission geometry (foils) and has a built-in sample changer with 8 sample positions for high throughput applications. It has an environmental heater enabling temperatures from -10 to 150 ºC in dry atmosphere (dry air or nitrogen gas). The relative humidity can be changed from 5 to 95 %rH at temperatures from 10 to 80 ºC. The thermocouple and humidity sensor are in the direct vicinity of the sample for accurate measurement and control of both temperature and relative humidity. The chamber is equipped with a beam stop for an improved low-angle background.

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HTK 2000N – high-temperature chamber

For XRD at extremely high temperatures

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Anton Paar HTK 2000N is a strip heater chamber designed for powder X-ray diffraction in reflection geometry at extremely high temperatures up to 2300 ºC (tungsten strip) in vacuum, air or inert atmosphere. Depending on the experimental requirements, various types of heating strips (Pt, W, Ta; others on request) can be mounted inside the chamber. Due to the direct sample heating the heat-up rate can be as fast as 500 ºC/min (with W strip). The design of the chamber is optimized for a minimum temperature gradient along the heating strip and for maximum position stability of the sample.

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HTK 16N – high-temperature chamber

For fast heating to 1600 ºC

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Anton Paar HTK 16N is a strip heater chamber designed for in situ powder X-ray diffraction in reflection geometry at temperatures up to 1600 ºC in vacuum, air or inert atmosphere. Depending on the experimental requirements, various types of heating strips (Pt, Ta, graphite; others on request) can be mounted inside the chamber. Due to the direct sample heating the heat-up rate with a Pt or Ta strip can be as fast as 400 ºC/min. The design of the chamber is optimized for a minimum temperature gradient along the heating strip and for maximum position stability of the sample. Two thermocouples are available for accurate temperature measurement and control. Optionally a beam knife can be placed above the sample for improved background at low angles. The HTK 16N is suitable for XRD studies of both organic and inorganic materials.

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HTK 1200N – oven heater

Versatile high-temperature oven chamber

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Anton Paar HTK 1200N is designed for powder X-ray diffraction in reflection and transmission geometries with environmental heating of the sample up to 1200 ºC in air, inert atmosphere or vacuum. Thanks to the heater geometry there is virtually no restriction on sample thickness, therefore, along with organic or inorganic powders, high-temperature behavior of bulk samples can also be studied with this chamber. The thermocouple is placed right underneath the sample for accurate temperature measurement and control. Optional oscillation of the sample table helps to improve particle statistics for powder XRD in reflection geometry. An optional capillary spinner attachment enables measurements in transmission geometry for highly air-sensitive materials or samples with a strong tendency to preferred orientations. Sample preparation and sample exchange is very easy and straightforward.

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HPC 900 - high pressure chamber

In situ XRD at high pressure and high temperature conditions

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Anton Paar HPC 900 is a furnace-type heater optimized for in situ powder X-ray diffraction measurements (reflection geometry, Mo or Ag radiation) on powder and solid samples with gas atmospheres in the pressure range from 1 to 100 bars. It was designed to work with hydrogen, but other gases can also be used (please see chamber leaflet for details). A double-wall chamber design consisting of an inner pressure core and an outer safety shell is flushed with N2 gas to prevent accumulation of dangerous gas mixtures. Due to the environmental heating to 900 ºC high temperature uniformity is guaranteed over the entire sample volume. The thermocouple is placed right underneath the sample for accurate temperature measurement and control. For an easy handling of air-sensitive samples a gas flow ring enabling a flow of inert gas is placed around the sample insert port.

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DHS 1100 – domed hot stage

Studying thin films and solids at high-temperature conditions

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Anton Paar DHS 1100 is a unique compact high-temperature device allowing tilt and rotation of the sample with respect to the X-ray beam for advanced thin film applications. The optimized heater design guarantees high temperature uniformity and accurate temperature measurement and control. The X-ray-transparent half-circle dome enables a large field of view when working with 2D detectors. For easy handling of air-sensitive samples a gas flow ring enabling a flow of inert gas is placed around the sample insert port.

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DCS 350 – domed cooling stage

Unique compact attachment for thin film analysis at low temperature

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Anton Paar DCS 350 is a unique compact high-temperature device allowing tilt and rotation of the sample with respect to the X-ray beam for advanced thin film applications and residual stress and texture measurements. The optimized design of the heater/cooling plate guarantees high temperature uniformity along the sample and accurate temperature measurement and control in the entire temperature range, from -100 to 350 ºC. Full rotation of the attachment is possible only above 0 ºC, as below this temperature the hoses supplying liquid nitrogen to the stage for cooling are freezing and hence restricting sample rotation. The X-ray- transparent half-circle dome over the sample enables a large field of view.

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Cryostream Plus compact

Unique device for in situ experiments in capillary geometry

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Oxford Cryosystems PheniX is a unique solution for X-ray diffraction at extremely low temperatures. It is a compact closed-cycle helium cryostat enabling a temperature range from 25 °C (298 K) down to - 261 °C (12 K) with a temperature uniformity across the sample of 0.1 degree. It takes only 40 minutes to cool down to 20 K and an additional 20 minutes to reach a temperature of 12 K. Thanks to the design there is virtually no consumption of helium. Sample preparation and exchange is quick and easy.

詳細

Chimera – cooling and heater chamber for powder diffraction

Closed-cycle He cryostat for XRD at low to medium-high temperature

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The Chimera chamber is a new non-ambient attachment from Oxford Cryosystems and essentially a smaller version of the Phenix Cryostat. It incorporates a single stage Gifford McMahon cooler (as opposed to the two-stage cooler of the Phenix) to enable measurements at temperatures from -203 ºC (70 K) to 252 ºC (525 K) without liquid nitrogen. Chimera offers excellent temperature stability of 0.1 K and variable ramp rates, (1 – 360 K/hour). It takes only 35 minutes to cool down from room temperature to 70 K. Thanks to the design there is virtually no consumption of helium. Sample preparation and exchange are quick and easy.

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CHC plus+ – cryo and humidity chamber

Unique solution for XRD at controlled temperature and humidity

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The Anton Paar CHC plus+ chamber is designed for in situ powder X-ray diffraction measurements in reflection geometry and allows performing both high- and low-temperature experiments and experiments with controlled temperature and humidity conditions. The entire temperature range accessible with this chamber is from – 180 ºC to 400 ºC. If cooling below -10 ºC is not required, compressed air cooling can be used instead of liquid nitrogen cooling. The relative humidity can be changed from 5 to 95 %rH at temperatures from 10 to 80 ºC. Optionally a beam knife can be placed above the sample for improved low-angle background. 

詳細