This application note describes how X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies can be used in the study of coal and coal-related materials.

Mineral phases identified and quantified in raw coal are quartz, kaolinite, and minor amounts of calcite, dolomite, siderite and anatase.
High-speed XRD systems such as the CubiX3 Minerals equipped with the X'Celerator detector allow the use of standardless methods such as Rietveld refinement for non-destructive analysis of coal and coal-related products. This method, therefore, provides a fast and reliable alternative to time- consuming traditional methods. 


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