Analysis of heavy mineral sands for industrial process control

This application note describes the use of XRD, together with the Rietveld method and cluster analysis, for phase identification and quantification of heavy mineral sands.

XRD can be used to readily identify the mineral phases present in heavy mineral sands, such as ilmenite FeTiO3, rutile TiO2, zircon ZrSiO4, quartz SiO2, anatase TiO2, magnetite Fe3O4, hematite Fe2O3 and monazite (Ce, REE)PO4.


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