Value beyond compliance
X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) is a safe, cost-effective and highly reliable method, that is well-established within the mining and minerals industry.
Using the Epsilon 4 in at-line mineral processing operations, offers quick and efficient steering in mineral beneficiation plants.
Illustrated below are the significant added values achievable by Epsilon 4, with just a single modest investment.
The power of benchtop XRF
Combining the latest excitation and detection technologies and smart design, the analytical performance of Epsilon 4 approaches that of more powerful and floor-standing spectrometers. Selective excitation and careful matching of the X-ray tube output to the capabilities of the detection system underlie the system’s outstanding performance.
Flexible wide-range oxide solution (WROXI)
Malvern Panalytical has developed a unique set of 15 synthetic, multi-element wide-range oxide (WROXI) certified reference materials (CRM). Together with Epsilon 4, WROXI can be used for the analysis of major and minor elements in fused beads. With the FP algorithm in the Epsilon software, the WROXI application can determine concentrations of up to 11 common oxides in a wide range of rocks, ores and minerals.
Unattended operationThe combination of a 10-position removable sample changer with spinner enables the automatic processing of sample batches without the need for operator attention. Continuous rotation of the sample during measurement minimizes any errors caused by non-homogeneity or surface irregularities within individual samples and provides more accurate results.
Automatic transfer of data to a central location gives you access to the latest results.
Fast and sensitive
Fast measurements are achieved by using the latest silicon drift detector technology that produces significantly higher intensities.
Unique detector electronics enable a linear count rate capacity to over 1,500,000 cps (at 50% dead time) and a count rate independent resolution typically better than 135 eV for better separation of analytical lines in the spectrum. This allows the Epsilon 4 spectrometer to run at full power and therefore realizes a much higher sample throughput compared to traditional EDXRF benchtop instruments.
Reduce helium consumption
The high performance of Epsilon 4 enables many applications to be operated in air atmosphere, without longer overhead time and costs involved for helium or maintenance of vacuum system. When measuring in air, low-energy X-ray photons characteristic of sodium, magnesium and aluminium, are sensitive to variations in air pressure and temperature. Built-in temperature and air-pressure sensors compensate for these environmental variations, ensuring excellent results whatever the weather.
|Sample handling||X-ray tube||Detector||Software|
|10-position removable sample changer||Metal-ceramic side window for maximum stability||High-resolution, typically 135 eV @ Mn-Kα||Elemental screening with Omnian standardless analysis solution|
|Spectrometer can accommodate samples up to 52 mm (2 inch) in diameter||50 micrometers thin beryllium window for high sensitivity for light elements (Na, Mg, Al, Si)||Max count rate of 1,500,000 counts/s at 50% dead time||PASS/FAIL analysis with FingerPrint solution|
|Spinner is included for better accuracy of air filter analysis||Ag anode X-ray tube for best performance of P, S and Cl analysis||Thin-entrance detector window for high sensitivity||One flexible calibration for wear metals in fresh and used lubricating oils using Oil-Trace|
Standards (Reference materials)
Epsilon software is the XRF analysis software platform that is used with PANalytical’s range of Epsilon 1 and Epsilon 4 benchtop EDXRF systems.
Omnian software enables users to achieve the best possible analysis when dedicated methods or certified standards do not exist.
A FingerPrint software module combined with an Epsilon EDXRF system is ideal for material testing when analysis speed is important but the actual composition is not of interest.
Solutions to maximize the return on your investment
To assure that your instrument remains in top condition and performs on the highest level, Malvern Panalytical offers a wide range of services. Our expertise and support services assure an optimal functioning of your instrument.
Service for a lifetime
- Phone and remote support
- Preventive maintenance and checkups
- Flexible Customer Care Agreements
- Performance certificates
- Hardware and software upgrades
- Local and global support
Adding value to your processes
- Sample preparation development/optimization
- Analytical methodologies
- Turnkey solutions for XRD
- Operations via IQ/OQ/PQ, quality assurance (GLP, ISO17025) or round robins/inter laboratory studies
- Automation of lab processes
- Consultancy services
Training and education
- Training on-site or at our competence centers
- Broad range of basic and advanced courses on products, applications and software
Analytical services and calibration materials
- Expert (XRF) analyses services
- Oxides and trace analysis
- Customized calibration materials
Epsilon 4 spectrometers can handle a large variety of sample types weighing from a few milligrams to larger bulk samples.
Samples can be measured as:
- Pressed powders
- Loose powders
- Fused beads
- Films and coatings