Epsilon 4 Oils & fuels
Save thousands in oil and fuel production
Epsilon 4 can be used to save up to $190,000 in the production of oils and fuels. Compliant, repeatable and accurate elemental analysis is a given but additional value is generated in several parts in your refining operation:
- the elemental analysis of crude oil to optimize and adapt refinery processes
- the determination of low levels of chlorine for optimal desalting and corrosion control
- the determination of low levels of S, Ni, V, Ca and Fe to prolong your catalysts' life and improve their performance
- and the analysis of the sulfur content during fuel production and blending
Analyses performed by Epsilon 4 comply with international test methods and regulations, like TIER 3, ISO 13032, ISO 20847, ISO 8754, ASTM D4294, ASTM D4929, JIS K2541-4, IP 336 and IP 496.
Value beyond compliance
Epsilon 4 offers excellent performance for elemental analysis in different processes in refineries. This new and powerful benchtop XRF instrument is well suited for the analysis of sulfur and other trace elements in fuels according to the latest ASTM, EPA, ISO, IP and JIS test methods.
Illustrated below are the significant added values achievable by Epsilon 4, which is just a single modest investment.
The power of benchtop XRF
Combining the latest excitation and detection technologies and smart design, the analytical performance of Epsilon 4 approaches that of more powerful and floor-standing spectrometers. Selective excitation and careful matching of the X-ray tube output to the capabilities of the detection system underlie the system’s outstanding performance.
Epsilon 4 complies with international test methods and norms, like TIER 3, ISO 13032, ISO 20847, ISO 8754, ASTM D4294, ASTM D4929, JIS K2541-4, IP 336 and IP 496.
Calibrated for years
Fast and sensitive
Unique detector electronics enable a linear count rate capacity to over 1,500,000 cps (at 50% dead time) and a count rate independent resolution typically better than 135 eV for better separation of analytical lines in the spectrum. This allows the Epsilon 4 spectrometer to run at full power and therefore realizes a much higher sample throughput compared to traditional EDXRF benchtop instruments.
Reduce helium consumption
|Sample handling||X-ray tube||Detector||Software|
|10-position removable sample changer||Metal-ceramic side window for maximum stability||High-resolution, typically 135 eV @ Mn-Kα||One flexible calibration for oils and fuels using Oil-Trace|
|Typically 5 ml liquid samples||50 micrometers thin beryllium window for high sensitivity for light elements (Na, Mg, Al, Si)||Max. count rate of 1,500,000 counts/s at 50% dead time||Elemental screening with Omnian standardless analysis solution|
|Spinner is included for better accuracy of air filter analysis||Ag anode X-ray tube for best performance of P, S and Cl analysis||Thin-entrance detector window for high sensitivity||PASS/FAIL analysis with FingerPrint solution|
Standards (Reference materials)
Epsilon software is the XRF analysis software platform that is used with PANalytical’s range of Epsilon 1 and Epsilon 4 benchtop EDXRF systems.
Omnian software enables users to achieve the best possible analysis when dedicated methods or certified standards do not exist.
A FingerPrint software module combined with an Epsilon EDXRF system is ideal for material testing when analysis speed is important but the actual composition is not of interest.
Solutions to maximize the return on your investment
To assure that your instrument remains in top condition and performs on the highest level, Malvern Panalytical offers a wide range of services. Our expertise and support services assure an optimal functioning of your instrument.
Service for a lifetime
- Phone and remote support
- Preventive maintenance and checkups
- Flexible Customer Care Agreements
- Performance certificates
- Hardware and software upgrades
- Local and global support
Adding value to your processes
- Sample preparation development/optimization
- Analytical methodologies
- Turnkey solutions for XRD
- Operations via IQ/OQ/PQ, quality assurance (GLP, ISO17025) or round robins/inter laboratory studies
- Automation of lab processes
- Consultancy services
Training and education
- Training on-site or at our competence centers
- Broad range of basic and advanced courses on products, applications and software
Analytical services and calibration materials
- Expert (XRF) analyses services
- Oxides and trace analysis
- Customized calibration materials
Epsilon 4 spectrometers can handle a large variety of sample types weighing from a few milligrams to larger bulk samples.
Samples can be measured as:
- Pressed powders
- Loose powders
- Fused beads
- Films and coatings