It has been estimated that 90% of all commercially produced chemical products involve catalysts at some stage in their manufacture with the current demand for catalysts estimated to be in the region of $20 billion, with significant growth forecast in the next decade.
Catalysts are an essential part of numerous chemical processes and often contain valuable materials such as precious metals and nanomaterials. Catalyst dosing and activity tuning are essential for achieving the best product quality using minimum reaction time and process energy. X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) and Near Infrared (NIR) are essential tools for monitoring and controlling the fabrication and use of catalytic materials, including phase analysis and chemical or elemental composition.
An optimal particle size range also exists for a catalyst and catalyst support that will maximize its lifetime while retaining its activity. Therefore, particle characterization technology, such as Laser Diffraction is also of critical importance for optimizing catalyst activity, extending catalyst lifetime and reducing process costs.
Malvern Panalytical have a range of complimentary solutions for catalyst characterization which can be used for:
- In situ catalytic activity measurements
- Phase analysis of heterogeneous catalysts
- Particle size and shape analyses of catalytic materials
- Elemental composition of the catalysts during production and usage
- Trace element analysis of doped catalysts and identifying chemicals responsible for catalyst poisoning